July 7, 1863: The United States begins its first military draft; exemptions cost $300. Within a week, the Draft Riots broke out in New York, the worst civil disorder in American history.
The Riot in Lexington Avenue [published in Lesli’s Supplement, July 25, 1863]. Wood engraving. New-York Historical Society # 40414
Blog: The New York Draft Riots and the burning of the Colored Orphan Asylum