Today in 1790: The U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia.
Archibald Robertson (1765–1835), View up Wall Street with City Hall [Federal Hall] and Trinity Church, New York City, ca. 1798. Watercolor, black ink, and graphite on paper. New-York Historical Society, Gift of Sophia Minton, 1864.14
Archibald Robertson’s view up Wall Street features at the right New York’s second City Hall after its transformation into Federal Hall at the corner of Wall and Nassau streets by Major Pierre-Charles L’Enfant. It became the exclusive site of the new federal government, serving as the first capitol building from 1789 to August 1790. On its balcony, George Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the United States. Now demolished, it was also the first home of the New-York Historical Society (1804-09).